Who Can Be Arrested When Police Finds Drugs?
If police officers discover drugs in a home or car, they will most likely arrest the owner of the property or anyone they suspect is involved, unless it can be proved in the moment that someone else owned the drugs and had access to the area.
However, an arrest does not mean a conviction. Police officers can be overzealous when making drug arrests, and some arrests can be illegitimate. Contact an attorney to find out how to defend your drug possession charge.
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Different Types of Drug Possession in Arizona
According to Arizona law, there are three types of “possession” as it relates to the possession of drugs: actual possession, constructive possession, and joint possession..
- Actual possession: If you are in actual possession of a drug, it means that you have immediate, physical control over the drug. For example: drugs are found in your pocket, purse, or elsewhere on your body.
- Constructive possession: If you are in constructive possession of a drug, it means that the drugs are in an area over which you exercise control. For example: drugs are found in your home while you are not there.
- Joint possession: If you are in joint possession, it means that you and another person share control over an area in which drugs are found. For example: drugs are found in a bedroom that you share with your spouse.
If drugs are found somewhere on your body during a search (actual possession), it would be hard to argue that the drugs did not belong to you. However, if drugs were found in a car that you share with someone else (joint possession), you may be able to argue that you were not aware of their existence, or that they did not belong to you.
Defending Joint Possession Drug Charges
Here’s a common scenario: You and a few friends are riding around in your car when you are suddenly pulled over by the police. When they walk up to your car, they smell marijuana. After conducting a search of your vehicle, they uncover several ounces of cannabis. No one claims ownership of the drugs, so they arrest everyone in the car.
This is a common occurrence. The police think it’s easier to arrest everyone involved and let the courts decide who is guilty. However, that doesn’t mean you will be convicted for a crime you did not commit. With the help of a Phoenix criminal attorney, you can argue that you were not in possession of the drugs, despite their presence in your car.
Facing Drug Possession Charges? Contact Suzuki Law Offices
If you were mistakenly arrested for possessing drugs that weren’t yours, it is important to act quickly. Request to speak with a drug crime defense lawyer before you say anything to the police. Don’t try to talk your way out of the situation, even if you know you are innocent; you will only end up giving the police more evidence against you. Instead, you should exercise your right to remain silent by stating that you will not submit to questioning unless your attorney is present.
Contact Suzuki Law Offices for experienced, seasoned representation. We are available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, so please don’t wait to give us a call. We will start your case with a free initial consultation.